“O People, lend me an attentive ear.” Those were the words the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ began his final sermon with. Knowing they would listen, knowing that he already held their attention, knowing he was their leader, their teacher, and their Rasul, he began with a simple request—listen. Approaching the end of his life, he knew today’s words would matter and that they would still be repeated some 1400 years later.
On this day, he spoke about the dignity of human life. He told them that life and property were a sacred trust. He reminded his disciples of the Golden Rule. Hurt no one so that no one may hurt you. He reminded them to avoid temptation, to pray, to give charity. He looked at the masses and drove home his message: Respect one another. Treat women with kindness. Hold on to your chastity.
Knowing his days were numbered, he told them what he was leaving behind. He told them to ground themselves in the Quran and Sunnah. And he asked them to pass on his message to those who didn’t hear it directly.